How to make healthy choices every day

Quinoa Spring Sushi + DIY Quick-Pickled Ginger

Although she probably doesn’t even know it, the person most responsible for my undying appreciation of all things edible and insatiable hunger for new food adventures, is my best friend’s mother, Annie.
For their family, eating anything and everything outside of the ‘norm’, was the norm. I came from a pretty conservative household on the culinary front, and Annie opened up a whole world of tastes and possibilities for me. And as Annie was the first woman I met that truly loved cooking, meals at their house always left me full of wonder and wild inspiration. She also enjoyed taking us for dinner, and some of the more memorable meals out were at Ethiopian, Indian, Korean, and Macedonian restaurants – cuisines I’d never even heard of. When I was about 13, Annie took her daughter and I out for my first sushi. It was disgusting.

I am not sure what kept me going back to sushi, but there was this inexplicable pull towards it, even though it repulsed me. I think it was my third or forth try, years later in fact, that something just clicked. Suddenly, I loved it. I tasted all the flavours separately, but understood their perfect synergy. The delightful balance of textures made sense. I could finally appreciate the inherent beauty of their design and delicate aesthetic. It was the ‘ah-ha’ moment in that relationship for sure.

And now I am not only a sushi convert, but also a sushi maker. Yes, it’s true that training to become a sushi master can take decades of dedication, but I’ll settle with knowing the basics and munching on my humble, imperfect rolls.

Making sushi may seem like an intimidating undertaking, but trust me, it’s pretty simple, and very gratifying. The first roll or two may fall apart on you, but try again and you’ll eventually get the hang of it. Luckily, all your mistakes will still be delicious!

All in the Details
Anyone who has enjoyed a good sushi meal will tell you that it’s not just about the rolls themselves, but also the accompanying details. Sushi is traditionally served with three other condiments: soy sauce, pickled ginger, and wasabi. Although these delicious and necessary accessories seem innocuous enough, there are all too often nasty ingredients lurking inside them.
For this reason, I suggest either making your own condiments, or at least being educated enough to make healthy choices for yourself at the shop.

Pickled Ginger
Pickled ginger that accompanies sushi is called gari, and is meant to be a palette cleanser between rolls. The pink colour is occurs when young ginger is placed in an acidic liquid (vinegar). Unfortunately, most commercially produced ginger is artificially dyed and contains refined sweeteners.

Here is a totally fabulous recipe for pickled ginger using simple, whole-food ingredients. It only takes 45 minutes start to finish, so if you are making this sushi recipe, start with the ginger and it will be ready to eat when your rolls are. Boss!

Soy Sauce, So Confusing
They look the same, smell the same, and even taste very similar. So what is the difference between soy sauce, shoyu, nama shoyu, and tamari anyway? It seems a little confusing, but all of these salty seasonings originate from the same humble ingredient, the soybean.

One method of making soy sauce is by fermenting soybeans, water, wheat, and a special starter containing an aspergillus fungus. This mixture can be fermented for several years, which is the traditional method. A modern method speeds up the process by skipping the fermentation step, cooking the soybeans with hydrochloric acid, and adding caramel colour, corn syrup, salt and MSG. Sad face.
It goes without saying then, that I highly recommend purchasing good-quality soy sauce whenever possible. Choosing a soy sauce is like choosing a good bottle of olive oil or wine. Look for the words traditionally brewed, organic, and non-GMO. This is one condiment I will not compromise on – it’s worth the extra cost for purity and unparalleled flavour. Plus, the conventional and less expensive versions of this seasoning can contain food dyes, refined sweeteners, preservatives, and chemical residues from processing.

Soy Sauce – this is a Chinese seasoning of which there are two varieties, light and dark. The light one is lighter in colour with a low viscosity, and it is extremely salty. This type is more expensive than dark and used as a condiment at the table. Dark soy sauce is deep in colour with a higher viscosity, and sweeter in flavour (usually due to additives such as caramel colour and/or molasses). Dark soy sauce is used more frequently in cooking.

Shoyu
– This is the Japanese word for soy sauce. Shoyu is traditionally used as a condiment or seasoning after cooking, and for dipping sushi.

Nama Shoyu – Typically called for and used in raw food recipes, nama shoyu is unpasteurized soy sauce. However, because the vast majority of soy sauces are heated about 118°F / 47°C during pasteurization, you must read the label to confirm that the sauce is truly “raw”. Many brands label themselves nama shoyu even though they have been pasteurized.

Tamari – Tamari is another type of soy sauce, but prefect for people with gluten intolerance, as it is traditionally brewed without wheat. Absolutely check the labels to be one hundred percent sure. It must say gluten- and wheat-free.
Tamari has a stronger flavour than shoyu. It is usually used to season longer cooking foods such as soups, stews, and baked dishes. Tamari is used less frequently as a tabletop condiment or seasoning because its flavour can be overpowering.

All that said, I generally just keep shoyu in my kitchen, as I find it the most versatile of all the soy sauces. I also cook Japanese-style cuisine more often than Chinese, and wouldn’t dream of using Chinese soy sauce in a Japanese recipe – or committing the unspeakable: dipping sushi in Chinese soy sauce. Gasp! 
Always remember to keep soy sauces of any kind in the refrigerator. Yes, it goes bad. A bottle of open soy sauce will keep for two to three months.

Wasabi
The wasabi plant is a root from the Brassica family of vegetables, which include cabbage, and mustard. When wasabi is ground up and mixed with water, it becomes wasabi paste, the little green blob of brain-tingling heat that adds a level of peril to each bite.

Wasabi is difficult to cultivate, which why it is so expensive. Due to its high cost, wasabi powder is often blended with horseradish or mustard powder, and some green food colouring. Certain brands don’t contain any wasabi at all. Therefore when you are purchasing wasabi, always look for genuine wasabi powder. The ingredient list should only include wasabi, and no artificial food colouring. Never buy ready-made wasabi in a tube. It is most certainly dyed and contains additives to preserve its moist consistency. Pretty low-vibe if you ask me.
Look for genuine wasabi at high-end grocery stores.

My solution to eating green food colouring is actually horseradish. I know that this is probably considered sacrilege, but it is plentiful in Denmark, and far less expensive than the real McCoy. I buy the root fresh and grate a small amount directly onto inside of the sushi just before rolling it. It’s totally delicious and delivers the same sinus-clearing onslaught we all know and love.

Okay, onto the sushi. You can of course use the traditional rice if you like, or any other whole grain. I really like quinoa because it’s soft and fluffy, and tastes amazing with the nori. Just make sure that whatever grains you use, they are on the moist side, but not mushy. Add water to increase moisture if necessary.

Fillings are only limited to your imagination. Because spring is here, I chose to go with a mostly green veggie palette. Lightly blanched asparagus, radish, sweet pea pods, spring onions, young lettuce (yes, it’s delicious in sushi rolls!), avocado, and cucumber. Use whatever you have on hand and what is in season. You’d be surprised to know that this meal is in fact a great way to use up all the little bits of veggies hanging out in the fridge that you haven’t found a use for.

Tips & Tricks for Making Successful Sushi
1. Cut all the vegetables into a consistent width, so that you don’t create a “bulge” in the roll – this can encourage the nori to split.
2. Be careful not to overstuff the roll. This is not a burrito.
3. Select a maximum of three or four fillings per roll. You want to allow each ingredient to shine – with too many elements, the flavours of the individual fillings become muddled.
4. Moisten your hands as you assemble the rolls, especially when spreading quinoa over the nori. Keep a small bowl of lukewarm water next to where you are working so that you can continually dip your hands as needed. You can also use this water to moisten the bare end of the nori sheet to create a seal so the roll stays closed.
5. Use a very sharp knife. This is where ceramic knives really come in handy! Of course a sharp metal knife is totally fine, just make sure it has a razor edge, otherwise you’ll end up with a big, smashed-up mess.
6. It is important to wipe the blade of the knife clean with a damp cloth after every single slice of the roll.

 

So Annie, I dedicate this post to you for truly expanding my horizons and teaching me not to fear new foods, but to embrace them. Who knows where I’d be today if you hadn’t made me that maznik, introduced me to injera, or let me stir the pot of risotto. I can only hope to pass on a spark of the fire you lit inside me, and inspire those around me to let their guard down and just try something different. I suppose that in many ways, that is what this blog is all about. For that, I thank you.

 

 

Copyright 2012 My New Roots at mynewroots.blogspot.com


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